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[ Auto-register class methods using decorator ]

I want to be able to create a python decorator that automatically "registers" class methods in a global repository (with some properties).

Example code:

class my_class(object):

    @register(prop1,prop2)
    def my_method( arg1,arg2 ):
       # method code here...

    @register(prop3,prop4)
    def my_other_method( arg1,arg2 ):
       # method code here...

I want that when loading is done, somewhere there will be a dict containing:

{ "my_class.my_method"       : ( prop1, prop2 )
  "my_class.my_other_method" : ( prop3, prop4 ) }

Is this possible?

Answer 1


Not with just a decorator, no. But a metaclass can automatically work with a class after its been created. If your register decorator just makes notes about what the metaclass should do, you can do the following:

registry = {}

class RegisteringType(type):
    def __init__(cls, name, bases, attrs):
        for key, val in attrs.iteritems():
            properties = getattr(val, 'register', None)
            if properties is not None:
                registry['%s.%s' % (name, key)] = properties

def register(*args):
    def decorator(f):
        f.register = tuple(args)
        return f
    return decorator

class MyClass(object):
    __metaclass__ = RegisteringType
    @register('prop1','prop2')
    def my_method( arg1,arg2 ):
        pass

    @register('prop3','prop4')
    def my_other_method( arg1,arg2 ):
        pass

print registry

printing

{'MyClass.my_other_method': ('prop3', 'prop4'), 'MyClass.my_method': ('prop1', 'prop2')}

Answer 2


Here's a little love for class decorators. I think the syntax is slightly simpler than that required for metaclasses.

def class_register(cls):
    cls._propdict={}
    for methodname in dir(cls):
        method=getattr(cls,methodname)
        if hasattr(method,'_prop'):
            cls._propdict.update({cls.__name__+'.'+methodname: method._prop})
    return cls


def register(*args):
    def wrapper(func):
        func._prop=args
        return func
    return wrapper

@class_register
class MyClass(object):

    @register('prop1','prop2')
    def my_method( self,arg1,arg2 ):  
        pass

    @register('prop3','prop4')
    def my_other_method( self,arg1,arg2 ):
        pass

myclass=MyClass()
print(myclass._propdict)
# {'MyClass.my_other_method': ('prop3', 'prop4'), 'MyClass.my_method': ('prop1', 'prop2')}

Answer 3


Not as beautiful or elegant, but probably the simplest way if you only need this in one class only:

_registry = {}
class MyClass(object):
    def register(*prop):
        def decorator(meth):
            _registry[MyClass.__name__ + '.' + meth.__name__] = prop
        return decorator

    @register('prop1', 'prop2')
    def my_method(self, arg1, arg2):
        pass
    @register('prop3', 'prop4')
    def my_other_method(self, arg1, arg2):
        pass

    del register

Answer 4


No. The decorator receives the function before it has become a method, so you don't know what class it is on.

Answer 5


Not easy, but if you are using Python 3 this should work:

registry = {}
class MetaRegistry(type):
    @classmethod
    def __prepare__(mcl, name, bases):
        def register(*props):
            def deco(f):
                registry[name + "." + f.__name__] = props
                return f
            return deco
        d = dict()
        d['register'] = register
        return d
    def __new__(mcl, name, bases, dct):
        del dct['register']
        cls = super().__new__(mcl, name, bases, dct)
        return cls

class my_class(object, metaclass=MetaRegistry):
    @register('prop1','prop2')
    def my_method( arg1,arg2 ):
       pass # method code here...

    @register('prop3','prop4')
    def my_other_method( arg1,arg2 ):
       pass # method code here...

print(registry)

Note that you can not have method names equal to the decorator name in the meta-typed class, because they are automatically deleted by the del command in the metaclass's __new__ method.

For Python 2.6 I think you would have to explicitly tell the decorator the class name to use.

Answer 6


If you need the classes name, use Matt's solution. However, if you're ok with just having the methods name -- or a reference to the method -- in the registry, this might be a simpler way of doing it:

class Registry:
    r = {}

    @classmethod
    def register(cls, *args):
        def decorator(fn):
            cls.r[fn.__name__] = args
            return fn
        return decorator

class MyClass(object):

    @Registry.register("prop1","prop2")
    def my_method( arg1,arg2 ):
        pass

    @Registry.register("prop3","prop4")
    def my_other_method( arg1,arg2 ):
        pass

print Registry.r

print

{'my_other_method': ('prop3', 'prop4'), 'my_method': ('prop1', 'prop2')}